Estimation of Future Cancer Burden Among Rescue and Recovery Workers Exposed to the World Trade Center Disaster
Question What is the estimated number of new cancer cases among rescue and recovery workers exposed to carcinogenic agents during the September 11, 2001, World Trade Center (WTC) attack for the January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2031, period?
Findings An estimated 2960 new cancer cases in the WTC-exposed cohort (n = 14 474) may occur during this 20-year period. Analyses restricted to white male workers showed greater cancer incidence than would be expected based on NYC rates for this demographic group, corresponding to a significantly elevated number of projected cases (2714 vs 2596).
Meaning The future cancer burden in WTC-exposed rescue and recovery workers may be greater than expected based on a demographically similar population.
Importance Elevated rates of cancer have been reported in individuals exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster, including Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY) rescue and recovery workers.